Student motivation and student engagement are the secrets to successful learning. Students who are motivated by and engaged in their own learning adapt better to a classroom environment and perform considerably higher academically than their unmotivated peers.
What is student motivation?
Student motivation is the learner’s desire to actively participate in the learning process in order to realize their academic potential. Students can be either internally motivated (performing school tasks because of the enjoyment they derive from them) or externally motivated (performing tasks to obtain a reward, such as approval or good grades).
Factors affecting student motivation
Student motivation can be affected by several factors.
Some of these include:
- PARENT INVOLVEMENT: Students are more motivated when parents show interest in their learning material and actively listen and inquire about their day.
- TEACHER ENTHUSIASM: A teacher’s enthusiasm in the classroom leads students to experience greater interest in and enjoyment of the material, enhancing their motivation.
- TEACHING METHODS: Students are more likely to feel motivated when educators use a variety of creative teaching methods.
The importance of student motivation for students
Motivation is particularly important for students because:
- it correlates with academic success;
- it has a direct impact on how we learn and leads to lasting learning;
- it promotes drive and determination.
Student laziness can often be a manifestation of boredom or hide other reasons behind it. Research has found that the laziest students are often some of the most cognitively gifted. It is a teacher’s role to try and find the reason behind a student’s laziness and to encourage motivated and active learning.
What is a lazy student?
While a “lazy student” could vaguely be defined as one who refuses to do the work to fulfill their potential and maximize their capability, it is important for teachers to evaluate kids thoroughly before labeling them as such.
It is widely argued that what is actually behind laziness is anxiety, boredom or distraction. When teachers are confronted with what may look like laziness, like a late assignment or avoidance, a simple motivational speech for students will not do. They should examine the situational factors holding students back rather than labeling them as “lazy”.
Studying techniques for “lazy students”
Students who are bored at school and appear to be lazy often use a variety of techniques to help them study, such as:
- Studying little and often vs. in one go
- Using helpful apps that break down the material and make it easy to understand
- Watching videos on the material to help them remember it
- Studying with a friend in order to go through the material in-depth
Causes of students’ laziness
There are many reasons for the so-called students’ laziness. Some of these include:
- FATIQUE: mental activity requires energy and when we are exhausted, our mind can’t work effectively.
- POOR LIFESTYLE CHOICES: for example, staying up late and consuming junk food, which makes us lethargic.
- DISTRACTION: for example, spending too much time on social media.
- LACK OF SELF-WORTH: when people do not believe in themselves, they lack the drive to achieve goals.
The teacher’s role in student motivation
While a teacher’s job is to transmit academic knowledge to their students, their personality can make or break how effective they are. The emotional involvement, enthusiasm, openness, and creativity of the teacher are just as important as their in-depth knowledge of the curriculum.
The importance of teacher enthusiasm
Enthusiasm is one of the most essential characteristics of effective teachers. Teachers who have a positive attitude and show passion and excitement in their teaching tend to be very successful in engaging students and stimulating responses from them. Research shows that high levels of teacher enthusiasm have a positive impact on learning, making students more willing to contribute in class and even remain disciplined.
Sharing common interests with your students
Sharing common interests with the students helps to create a bond with them. Studies show that when people share commonalities, their relationships improve. It is, therefore, wise for teachers to reveal some details about themselves to students, in order to relate to them and find out what they may have in common. Common interests could include sports, the outdoors, a love for animals or pop culture.
How to motivate unmotivated students and help them study
A teacher can help students stop feeling lazy while studying using a variety of different methods. First of all, teachers should try to discover the reason why students are procrastinating and feeling lazy. They should then focus on finding the best learning method for the students and encourage different styles of learning.
Breaking down the material into reasonable chunks and helping students to understand the topic vs. just memorizing it will also help students to study, as will linking the material to real-world connections and encouraging short-term milestones.
Setting goals is fundamental to the academic success of students and can help them develop critical thinking skills, which will serve them all throughout life.
Discussing goals with students
Settings goals and targets is key for improving academic performance. Teachers can be very valuable in helping students set goals to achieve their full potential, as they know what each student’s strengths and weaknesses are and will be there to track their performance.
A comprehensive discussion between teachers and students about their learning objectives and the steps necessary to achieve them will help students take ownership of their learning and foster positive growth.
Examples of personal learning goals
Here are some examples of personal learning goals:
- Improving reading skills (by reading one chapter of a book per day, for example)
- Better grade at a certain subject (for example, going from C to B over a semester in Biology)
- Developing good conversational skills in a foreign language (e.g. by incorporation of chat in the language into lessons)
- Improving essay-writing skills (for instance, by assigning short story writing tasks)
- Improving test-taking skills (e.g. practicing better transition times from task to task in the classroom)
The significance of breaking large goals into small tasks
When a goal is too large, we can end up feeling discouraged, dejected or overwhelmed. Focusing on short-term educational achievements is a solution to this problem. Proper goal setting breaks intimidating aspirations into achievable milestones and leads to better results and greater levels of contentment and learning motivation.
Motivating students using a vision board
Vision boards are collages of inspirational images, quotes, and visuals that serve to motivate people to pursue their goals. They can be very effective when applied to education as they can be revisited daily by students and help them to visualize their academic goals, making them seem measurable and attainable while providing clarity and focus.
Educators are cluing onto the fact that student engagement plays an important role in learning and are investing more and more thought and time into their student engagement strategies that will encourage them to participate in class and boost progress and achievement.
What is engagement in the classroom?
Student engagement refers to the degree of attention, participation, and interest shown by students during a lesson in the classroom. Engaged students will normally listen, take notes and ask questions, demonstrating that they are invested in learning. More specifically, there are three different types of student engagement:
- EMOTIONAL (how students feel about their education experience)
- BEHAVIORAL (how attentive and active students are in class)
- COGNITIVE (how intrinsically motivated and invested students are in the learning process)
Student engagement’s impact on learning
Student engagement results in higher educational achievement and can help students learn better by remembering more about lessons. Furthermore, a study in the British Educational Research Journal suggests that there is a connection between engagement in school and overall achievement several years later.
Making a boring class fun
An interesting class encourages student engagement, which is why educators are always looking for fun, new ways to deliver their lessons. Some suggestions for making a boring class fun include the following:
- Creating classroom games (for example, spelling bees for an English lesson)
- Using technology (for example, to connect to a classroom in another country during a foreign language lesson)
- Relating material to real-life situations (for example, by giving students example tax calculation-related examples in Math class)
- Inviting a guest speaker on a class topic (for example, someone who has lived through a historic event in History class)
When prompted appropriately, competition in the classroom can be a very effective tool for discouraging complacency and maximizing student engagement, pushing them to excel.
Prompting competition among students
There is a lot of debate surrounding the topic of whether prompting student competition is good for them. While it can be argued that competition at school builds character, develops drive and will help prepare kids for future life as adults in a competitive world, it can also lead to feelings of envy among students and diminished self-esteem.
Educators should try to create a co-operative rather than a competitive environment, aiming for “healthy competition”. The healthy competition requires teamwork and positive participation, building classroom community skills in the process, and does not focus on winning.
The advantages and disadvantages of students competing with their peers
There are both advantages and disadvantages to students competing with their peers in the classroom:
Disadvantages of competition:
- It puts the learning process at risk by prioritizing winning, making the concepts of knowledge and understanding the subject less important to the outcome.
- It affects student relationships, potentially resulting in feelings of hostility and resentment among them.
- It creates performance pressure, which can be very stressful for some kids.
Advantages of competition:
- It makes lessons fun and exciting, encouraging student participation.
- It helps to develop a sense of drive and purpose in children, making them better positioned for when they find themselves in competitive environments in the future.
- It encourages student communication and friendships.
The advantages and disadvantages of students competing with themselves
Some students can take the competition a step further and start to compete with themselves, always trying to improve their previous achievements. This type of ‘perfectionism’ can have both advantages and disadvantages, which are discussed below:
Advantages of self-competition:
- It encourages motivation, determination, and persistence.
- It results in better grades.
- It discourages procrastination.
Disadvantages of self-competition:
- It carries the risk of stretching oneself too thin.
- It causes anxiety over small mistakes.
Motivating students with rewards
Motivating students can be one of the most challenging aspects of teaching, which is why a lot of teachers turn to rewards in order to stimulate learning and motivate good behavior. While rewarding systems are generally considered acceptable in education, there is some debate as to whether they should be used or not.
The benefits of rewards, according to proponents of using them in the classroom, include increased motivation, boosted self-esteem and a feeling of pride and achievement which often brings improved results.
On the other hand, it is argued that rewarding leads to entitled attitudes and decreased effort for tasks not involving rewards. Effective educators should use rewards cautiously and steer clear of material motivators.
Some great non-material and creative ways to reward students include:
- Extra or longer recess time when a class has demonstrated good behavior
- A field trip (even if it is a neighborhood walk to learn the area’s history)
- Board Games
- Movie day
Self-rewarding is vital for boosting one’s mood. When a behavior is followed by a pleasant outcome, we are more likely to repeat it, which is called positive reinforcement. Therefore, it is important that after a long study session or achieving desired results, students take some time to appreciate their efforts and reward themselves.
Some common ways of self-rewarding are:
- A Netflix break to watch an episode of a favorite show
- A day off studying to spend with friends outdoors
- Catching up on social media
The problem with parents paying students for good grades
Many parents pay their children for good grades as a way to increase students’ drive and motivation. However, there are many reasons why experts advise strongly against doing so.
Paying for good student performance at school teaches kids that learning is not valuable in and of itself since the ultimate goal is money. Working hard in school should be the norm and not an exception, so paying for grades is highly likely to create entitled attitudes that will follow them onto their adult lives.
Help your students find their road to success!
Student motivation is the key to realizing one’s full academic potential. Teachers must concentrate their efforts on creating engaging learning environments for their students and work alongside them to encourage them to reach their goals. While classroom competition and reward systems are popular ways to motivate students, teachers should think outside the box when it comes to choosing their motivating strategies.
As Eurekly is a large community of learners passionate about improving their academic skills, you should have no trouble finding a truly motivated student on our website!