FREE Cheat Sheets for Learners of German as a Foreign Language

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      Dear learners of German as a foreign language!

      Eurekly’s first-rate German tutors have started this section to help you master this wonderful and difficult language. Grammar rules easily explained and illustrated with typical examples will be posted regularly here. Follow the Eurekly blog to get our new materials on German grammar as soon as they get published! And don’t forget to download your bonus PDF files!

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      Cheat Sheet #1. Partizip I vs. Partizip II

      Partizip I = Infinitive + d

      NB: Participle I (Partizip I) has an active meaning, i.e. the noun defined by Participle I is a person or a thing performing the action.

      laufen + d => laufend

      der laufende Junge

      a running boy

      Partizip II = 3rd form of the verb

      NB: Participle II (Partizip II) has a passive meaning, i.e. the noun defined by Participle II is a person or a thing that receives the action of the verb.

      schreiben => geschrieben

      der geschriebene Brief

      The letter was written (by a person).

      Find more examples with explanations in our free PDF file!

      Cheat Sheet #2. Personal pronouns in Accusative and Dative

      NB: German personal pronouns change their form depending on the case. (See other cheat sheets to get more information on how to choose the right case).

      SINGULAR

      ENGLISHGERMAN
      NOM.
      GERMAN
      ACC.
      GERMAN
      DAT.
      I (me)ichmichmir
      yoududichdir
      he (him)erihnihm
      she (her)siesieihr
      it (it)esesihm

      PLURAL

      ENGLISHGERMAN
      NOM.
      GERMAN
      ACC.
      GERMAN
      DAT.
      we (us)wirunsuns
      youihreucheuch
      they (them)siesieihnen
      you (polite)SieSieIhnen

      EXAMPLES

      Accusative:

      Kannst du mich sehen?
      Can you see me?

      Ohne euch kann ich das nich machen.
      I can’t do this without you.

      Dative:

      Gestern habe ich mit ihm Tennis gespielt.
      Yesterday I played tennis with him.

      Spiel mit uns!
      Play with us!

      Find more examples in our free PDF file!

      Cheat Sheet #3. The Declension of Adjectives

      SINGULAR: Rule #1

      NB: If a singular adjective is used after the definite article (der, die, das) or after the words dieser, jener, welcher, solcher, jeder, mancher, it receives the following endings:

      CASEMASCULINEFEMININENEUTER
      Nominative-e-e-e
      Genitive-en-en-en
      Dative-en-en-en
      Accusative-en-e-e

      SINGULAR: Rule #2

      NB: If a singular adjective is used after the indefinite article (ein, eine), after kein or after the possessive pronouns (mein, dein, sein, ihr, unser, euer, Ihr), it receives the following endings:

      CASEMASCULINEFEMININENEUTER
      Nominative-er-e-es
      Genitive-en-en-en
      Dative-en-en-en
      Accusative-en-e-es

      SINGULAR: Rule #3

      NB: If a singular adjective has no article, it receives the following endings:

      CASEMASCULINEFEMININENEUTER
      Nominative-er-e-es
      Genitive-en-er-en
      Dative-em-er-em
      Accusative-en-e-es
      Remember to download our FREE BONUS with the examples!

      PLURAL: Rule #1

      NB: If a plural adjective has no article or is used after the words viele, wenige, einige or after numerals (zwei, drei, etc.), it receives the plural endings of the definite article:

      CASEENDINGS
      Nominative-e
      Genitive-er
      Dative-en
      Accusative-e

      PLURAL: Rule #2

      NB: In all other contexts (i.e. when used after keine, alle, beide, die, diese, jene, welche, solche, jede, manche, meine, deine, seine, ihre, unsere, eure, Ihre) a plural adjective receives the ending –en in all cases:

      CASEENDINGS
      Nominative-en
      Genitive-en
      Dative-en
      Accusative-en
      And now read the examples in our FREE PDF file!

      Cheat Sheet #4. German VERBS Always Followed by DATIVE

      *All examples have been taken from Cambridge Dictionary Online (https://dictionary.cambridge.org)

      1. folgen — folgte — ist gefolgt (to follow smb)

      Er folgte dem Verdächtigen unauffällig.

      He followed the suspect inconspicuously.

      2. gefallen — gefiel — hat gefallen (to please smb, to be likeable)

      Der Film hat mir überhaupt nicht gefallen.

      I didn’t like the movie at all.

      3. gehören — gehörte — hat gehört (to belong to smb)

      Das Buch gehört mir.

      The book belongs to me.

      4. passen — passte — hat gepasst (to fit smb)

      Die Schuhe passen mir genau.

      These shoes fit me perfectly.

      5. passieren — passierte — ist passiert (to happen to smb)

      Hoffentlich ist ihnen nichts passiert!

      Hopefully nothing has happened to them!

      6. schaden — schadete — hat geschadet (to damage smb/smth)

      Die Affäre hat seinem Ansehen sehr geschadet.

      The affair really damaged his reputation.

      7. vertrauen — vertraute — hat vertraut (to trust smb)

      Ich vertraue ihm blind.

      I trust him completely.

      8. wehtun — tat weh — hat wehgetan (to hurt smb)

      Au, du tust mir weh!

      Ow, you’re hurting me!

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